#65 - July 2014

Vol. 28, No. 2
The International after 150 Years: Labor vs Capital, Then and Now
Edited by: 
George C. Comninel, Marcello Musto & Victor

As several authors in this collection observe, global conditions of the present have moved back into alignment with those of 1864, as a result of two quite recent historical developments. First came the collapse of first-epoch socialism...


Opening Steps

On 28 September 1864, St. Martin’s Hall in the very heart of London was packed to overflowing with some two thousand workmen.1 They had come to attend a meeting called by English trade...

George C

The founding of the First International

In 1859, Karl Marx published A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy in Berlin.1 This constituted only the first part of the first...

Michael Joseph

In the fall of 1864, Karl Marx was hard at work in London to complete the first volume of Capital when he chose to exit the study and put theory at the service of practice. Marx had done something similar in Brussels almost 20...



Marxists and Anarchists (these terms were not usual at that time) were part of the International Workingmen’s Association (IWA) – the First International – since its origin in 1864. The...

Fletcher, Jr.

If the emancipation of the working classes requires their fraternal concurrence, how are they to fulfill that great mission with a foreign policy in pursuit of criminal designs, playing upon national prejudices, and squandering in...



The International Workingmen's Association (IWA) was born in London on September 28, 1864. Its founders, together with Marx, were a distinguished group of communist, socialist and anarchist...


The International Workingmen’s Association (IWA) was a groundbreaking effort to give power to the most exploited, voice to the voiceless, and collective cohesion to the most fractured. It was due to its uncompromising dedication to the...


For the last twenty-five years, income and wealth in the U.S. have shifted to the wealthiest Americans. Workers’ wages have stagnated while productivity (output per hour of work) has increased by 25 percent. In real terms, median weekly...


Introduction: pre-1994 South African internationalism

The 1864 meeting of the International Workingmen’s Association (IWA) brought the universality of proletarian ideas and representatives into focus. At St...

Book Review

Reviewed by George C.

Marcello Musto, ed.,  Workers Unite! The International 150 Years Later (London: Bloomsbury, 2014)

What is most distinctive about this book is that, instead of being about “Marx and the International,” it...


Babak Amini is a sociology student at York University, Toronto. He immigrated to Canada from Iran at the age of 19, finished his Engineering degree at the University of British Columbia, and worked for a number of...